The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden

Format: Paperback Language: Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub Size: 12.52 MB Downloadable formats: PDF The course draws from research in both formal linguistics and psycholinguistics. With elaboration, the second graders can improve more than 2 times and fifth graders nearly 3 ½ times. On the negative side, the role played by the central executive remains unclear. Most of the research that defeated the defining-attribute view was motivated by the prototype • Concepts have a prototype structure; the prototype is either a collection of characteristic attributes or the best example (or examples) of the concept. • There is no delimiting set...
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The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition

Format: Hardcover Language: English Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub Size: 12.36 MB Downloadable formats: PDF This book provides more detail on some of the research covered here and explores other areas too. • Gorman, M. Shallice (1982) made use of a variant of the Tower of Hanoi problem, called the Tower of London problem, to assess planning and problem-solving impairments in brain-damaged patients. It is possible that these differences influence thought. The Ohio State University Cognitive Psychology Program focuses on research into basic cognitive processes in human memory, perception, language, music, motor control, decision making, higher-level processes, and the neurophysiological underpinnings...
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The Politics of Attachment: Towards A Secure Society

Format: Hardcover Language: English Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub Size: 5.36 MB Downloadable formats: PDF INTRODUCTION In the previous chapter, we looked at relatively mundane forms of thinking, in our examination of problem solving in puzzles, insight problems, and expertise. As before, our busy professional lives have made it essential for us to work hard to avoid chaos. Humphreys et al. (1995) found that their model produced the same pattern of findings. Southampton - Image, Speech and Intelligent Systems (ISIS) Research Group: Research and publications on control and intelligent systems, neural networks and neurofuzzy systems (learning laws, network construction algorithms, data...
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Auditory Processing of Complex Sounds (Psychology Library

Format: Hardcover Language: English Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub Size: 9.24 MB Downloadable formats: PDF By demonstrating the use of various tools and techniques used in philosophy in relation to these issues, the module prepares students for further work in each of these and other contemporary fields. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of Society for Research in Child Development; Denver, CO. 2009. Positive Psychology is the scientific study of strengths happiness, that enable individuals and communities to expand. To introduce students to the history of research and thinking on personality. (more…)...
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How Language Comes to Children: From Birth to Two Years

Format: Hardcover Language: English Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub Size: 14.38 MB Downloadable formats: PDF The paper has explored the application of principles of cognitive psychology in evaluating the spread of misinformation in online social networks. GradCog is a student-led organization that meets regularly to talk about current issues in the field, plans speaker series, and organizes the annual Cogfest, an afternoon-long mini conference with speakers and poster presentations. If the learner elaborates the knowledge with material from a specific context, it becomes easier to retrieve the knowledge in that same context (Eich, 1985), but perhaps harder in other contexts. (more…)...
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The Agile Mind

Format: Hardcover Language: English Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub Size: 12.38 MB Downloadable formats: PDF We need to know what is meant by “encode sentence”, how long is “too long”, and how sentence ambiguity is tested. However, if attention is paid to it, the information will be transferred into short-term memory (STM). Psychologist Manuel Ruiz’s research aims to increase understanding, and improve treatment, of drug addiction. They may be useful in generating hypotheses, but these should then be subject to more rigorous testing. Using real and stimulated data, class members will re-run these studies using SPSS. (more…)...
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The Development of Implicit and Explicit Memory (Advances in

Format: Paperback Language: English Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub Size: 5.75 MB Downloadable formats: PDF However, it is mainly designed to show how word production proceeds from meaning (lexical concepts and lemmas) to sound (phonological words, phonetic gestural scores, and sound waves). The participant’s task is to decide which of two letters was presented in a particular position (e.g., the third letter). In these circumstances, the participants were sometimes confused, with their errors being largely those expected if the inappropriate stimulus-response relationship had been selected. (more…)...
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Rational Emotive Behavioural Counselling in Action

Format: Print Length Language: English Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub Size: 11.79 MB Downloadable formats: PDF In contrast, the current (and probably future) approach is based on the following key assumption: “The mapping between physical activity in the brain and its functional state is such that when two experimental conditions are associated with different patterns of neural activity, it can be assumed that they have engaged distinct cognitive functions…this assumption opens the way for physiological data to play a role in the development of functional models of cognition” (Rugg, 1997, pp. 5–6). (more…)...
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Nonsense: The Power of Not Knowing

Format: Hardcover Language: English Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub Size: 5.58 MB Downloadable formats: PDF Supposed examples of this are Lave's (1988) description of Orange County homemakers who did very well at making supermarket best-buy calculations but who did much worse on arithmetically equivalent school-like paper-and-pencil mathematics problems. Beck discussing Evil and Hate, alongside Philip Zimbardo, known for his Stanford Prison Experiment and his social psychology work exploring why 'good men do evil things'. Use of a range of cognitive-experimental techniques with a current focus particularly on pragmatic language development. (more…)...
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What Evil Means to Us

Format: Hardcover Language: English Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub Size: 11.97 MB Downloadable formats: PDF The familiar-accent advantage was more robust when visual context was absent, suggesting that previous findings of good accent comprehension in infants and young children may result from ceiling effects in easier tasks (picture fixation, picture selection) relative to the more-difficult tasks often used with older children and adults. Knowledge of the world is limited (but developing) because its based on physical interactions / experiences. In effect, there is a built in alarm that goes off when we notice such an inconsistency, whether we like it or not. ...
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