By Ari Mermelstein

This research examines the connection among time and heritage in moment Temple literature. various assets from that interval exhibit a trust that Jewish background started with an act of covenant formation and proceeded in linear type until eventually the exile, an extraordinary occasion which severed the current from the prior. The authors of Ben Sira, Jubilees, the Animal Apocalypse, and 4 Ezra replied to this theological problem by means of claiming as an alternative that Jewish historical past begun at construction. among production and redemption, background unfolds as a chain of static, repeating styles that concurrently account for the disappointments of the second one Temple interval and make sure the everlasting nature of the covenant. As iterations of undying, cyclical styles, the tricky post-exilic current and the fantastic redemption of the longer term grow to be generic, unremarkable, and inevitable historic advancements.

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Ms B reads ‫ותקותם‬. All readings of the Hebrew manuscripts of Ben Sira are based on P. C. Beentjes, The Book of Ben Sira in Hebrew: A Text Edition of All Extant Hebrew Manuscripts and a Synopsis of All Parallel Hebrew Ben Sira Texts (VTSup 68; Leiden: Brill, 1997). 64 Reading with mss M and B: ‫ ;טובם ונחלתם‬G reads ἀγαθὴ κληρονοµία. 65 V. 12 is attested in ms M but not in B. G generally agrees with M, but contains the final clause, δι᾿ αὐτούς, which is cut off in the Hebrew. 66 Reading ‫ זרעם‬with ms M; ms B reads ]‫זכר[ם‬.

2) The sand of the sea, the drops of rain, and the days of eternity, who can count them? (3) The height of heaven, the breadth of the earth, the abyss, and wisdom, who can search them out? (4) Before all things wisdom was created, and prudent understanding from eternity. (6) The root of wisdom, to whom has it been revealed? Her subtleties, who knows them? 19 As in ch. 20 Wisdom, like the rest of God’s creation, is so vast as to elude human cognition (vv. 2–3). The series of rhetorical questions in vv.

44 and 50 themselves. The links between chs. 44 and 50 emerge from a number of shared formulations. Ben Sira concludes ch. 50 by praying that God establish forever his ‫חסד‬, in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 20–22 May, 2001 (ed. John J. ; STDJ 51; Leiden: Brill, 2004), 14–47. I explore below the solid evidence supporting Mack’s view in spite of the absence of explicit wisdom language.

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