By Sally M. Pacholok and Jeffrey J. Stuart

Providing a large scope of difficulties attributable to B12 deficiency, this accomplished consultant presents up to date scientific information regarding signs, checking out, analysis, and therapy. Written for either the patient and the interested layperson, this detailed book outlines how physicians usually misdiagnose B12 deficiency as Alzheimer’s sickness, a number of sclerosis, center ailment, psychological retardation, Parkinson’s sickness, depression, or different psychological health problems. Now within the moment variation, this source has been completely up to date with the most recent examine, diagnostic assessments, treatment plans, case stories, and testimonials.

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Extra resources for Could It Be B12? An Epidemic of Misdiagnoses, Second edition

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Her low B12 levels could explain every one of her symptoms— the fall, the confusion and memory loss, her abnormal gait, her pallor and incontinence—yet none of her previous doctors had ever checked her B12 levels. They just thought she was old and had Alzheimer’s. Being old isn’t easy. Being an elderly patient is even harder. That’s because the medical profession, like the public in general, tends to stereotype seniors. ” They forget things. They fall a lot. They have aches and pains everywhere.

Also, because B12 deficiency is progressive, signs and symptoms may take years to develop. The following list outlines signs and symptoms that can stem from B12 deficiency. Note: If you have any of the following signs or symptoms, it does not necessarily mean that you have a B12 deficiency. These symptoms can stem from many causes. However, it does mean that your doctor needs to rule out B12 deficiency as a possible culprit. Mental changes • irritability • apathy • sleepiness • suspiciousness (paranoia) • personality changes • depression (including postpartum depression) • memory loss • dementia, intellectual deterioration • hallucinations • violent behavior • in children, developmental delay and/or autistic behavior Neurological signs and symptoms • abnormal sensations (pain, tingling and/or numbness of legs, arms, trunk, or other area) • diminished sense of touch, pain, and/or temperature • loss of position sense (awareness of body position) • weakness (legs, arms, trunk, or other area) 18 An Invisible Epidemic • clumsiness (stiff or awkward movements) • tremor • symptoms mimicking Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis • spasticity of muscles • incontinence (urine and/or stool) • paralysis • vision changes (decreased vision or loss of vision) • damage to the optic nerve (optic neuritis, inflammation, or atrophy of the optic nerve) Vascular problems • transient ischemic attacks (TIAs, or “mini-strokes”) • cerebral vascular accident (CVA or “stroke”) • coronary artery disease • myocardial infarction (“heart attack”) • congestive heart failure • palpitations • orthostatic hypotension (low blood pressure when standing, which can cause fainting and falls) • deep vein thrombosis (blood clot to the leg or arm) • pulmonary embolism (blood clot to the lung) Additional signs and symptoms • shortness of breath • generalized weakness • chronic fatigue or tiredness • loss of appetite/weight loss or anorexia • epigastric pain (poor digestion, full or bloated feeling after eating small or normal sized meals) • gastrointestinal problems (diarrhea, constipation) 19 Could It Be B12?

2 This is only the tip of the iceberg when it comes to B12 deficiency, because the number of seniors with deficiency due to poor diet or malabsorption problems is believed to be significantly greater than the number of people with pernicious anemia. Furthermore, the number of new cases of B12 deficiency is rising each year as the senior population grows. In 1993, Dr. Eric Norman used the urinary MMA test to re-evaluate 299 independently living seniors aged sixty-five and older whose screenings for B12 deficiency had been normal approximately one year earlier.

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