By Stefano Predelli

Stefano Predelli involves the protection of the normal "formal" method of natural-language semantics, arguing that it's been misrepresented not just through its critics, but in addition by means of its top-rated defenders. In Contexts he deals a basic reappraisal, with specific recognition to the therapy of indexicality and different kinds of contextual dependence that have been the point of interest of a lot fresh controversy. within the method, he offers unique techniques to a couple of vital semantic concerns, together with the connection among validity and indexicality, the bounds of token-reflexive structures, the importance of contextualist arguments, and the translation of perspective experiences. Contexts will make invigorating examining for all philosophers of language and lots of linguists.

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Yet, without further ado, the polemical focus quickly, albeit only temporarily, shifts away from Grice: ‘The point is often overlooked: cf. Kaplan [‘‘Dthat’’], Stalnaker [‘‘Pragmatics’’], who suggest that context alone can determine disambiguation’ (Wilson and Sperber 1981: n. 4). Focusing on the source of most immediate relevance for my topic, I must confess that, after repeated readings of ‘Dthat’ and Kaplan’s other essays on indexicals, I remain unable to identify any commitment to a particular view of disambiguation, let alone to anything that may be summarized as the thesis that ‘context alone can determine disambiguation’, in any informative sense of the phrase.

Thus, the sentence in my letter may be used to convey the information that, say, the trees are blooming in Southern California in early spring. This complication, however, is not directly relevant to the topic of this essay, and I shall ignore it in what follows. Systems and Indexes $ 41 of utterance (or inscription). More precisely: given an utterance u, I refer to the index including the speaker and the time, location, and world at which the utterance takes place, as the simple-minded index for u (similarly, mutatis mutandis, for inscriptions).

Systems and their Inputs attributed to Kaplan in Anne Bezuidenhout’s paper on the referential/attributive distinction, an essay squarely in syntony with Sperber and Wilson’s sceptical stance. Focusing this time on reference assignment, rather than disambiguation, Bezuidenhout writes: The idea that the representation of the LF of an utterance may not yield a complete proposition has long been recognised, though it was generally assumed that disambiguation and reference assignment were the only things needed to yield a complete proposition.

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