By Francois Recanati, Isidora Stojanovic, Neftali Villanueva

This quantity brings jointly unique papers through linguists and philosophers at the function of context and point of view in language and inspiration. a number of contributions are all in favour of the contextualism/relativism debate, which has loomed huge in fresh philosophical discussions. In a considerable creation, the editors survey the sphere and map out the proper matters and positions.

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Extra info for Context-Dependence, Perspective and Relativity

Example text

But clearly beliefs whose concerning-contents contain unarticulated constituents are not “hypothetically explicit” in this sense. Bach shows that “every case is a Paderewski case, at least potentially” (1997: 233), by which he means that for any that-clause “that S” one can construct a story involving an agent A so that utterances of both “A believes that S” and “A does not believe that S” are intuitively true. Bach maintains that this illustrates that that-clauses only describe, and do not specify, beliefs.

The motivation for the compromise analysis is to combine three ideas: first, a true belief report must express the fully propositional concerning-content of the belief; second, a true belief report must involve tacit reference to whatever notions and ideas comprise the belief that has this concerning-content; and third, in cases of beliefs with unarticulated constituents in their concerning-contents, a true belief report need not involve tacit reference to any notions (or ideas) of these unarticulated constituents.

For given the lack of “external guarantees” that determine what the unarticulated constituents are, there is nothing other than the beliefs and intentions of the speaker that could determine which notions and are ideas are tacitly referred to by the utterance. In summary then, there is a significant difference between, on the one hand, the (1986) thought and language uses of unarticulated constituents, and, on the other hand, the (1989) belief report use. , the truthconditional content of our thoughts and utterances can contain unarticulated constituents.

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