By Lubica Benuskova

It is a pupil textual content, introducing the scope and difficulties of a brand new medical self-discipline - Computational Neurogenetic Modeling (CNGM). CNGM is worried with the learn and improvement of dynamic neuronal types for modeling mind services with appreciate to genes and dynamic interactions among genes. those comprise neural community types and their integration with gene community types. This new region brings jointly wisdom from a variety of clinical disciplines.

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Additional info for Computational Neurogenetic Modeling (Topics in Biomedical Engineering. International Book Series)

Sample text

Our identity largely depends upon what we have learned and what we can remember. We can divide the study of learning and memory into two levels: 1. ) that attempts to answer the question which brain parts and pathways the memory trace is stored in - the top-down approach, which will be the topic of this section, and 2. ), which is devoted to investigation of the ways of coding and storage of information at the cellular and molecular level the bottom-up approach, which will be introduced in the next chapter.

6 Perception 39 taneously firing neurons. Neural correlates of different objects can differ in (a) which neurons are members of the pattern, (b) which is the particular frequency of their synchronization, and (c) which is the phase of their synchronization. Thus, transient synchronous gamma oscillations have been suggested as a possible candidate for the mechanism of binding many elementary features belonging to one object to one transient whole corresponding to a percept. Establishment of transient synchrony is based upon the underlying synaptic connectivity.

Special SPECT tracers have long decay time, thus no on-site cyclotron is needed, which makes this method much less expensive than PET. However, the temporal and spatial resolution of brain activity is even smaller than in PET. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) uses the properties of magnetism instead of injecting the radioactive tracers into the bloodstream to reveal the anatomical structure of the brain. A large (and loud) cylindrical magnet creates a magnetic field around the subject's head. Detectors measure local magnetic fields caused by alignment of atoms in the brain with the externally applied magnetic field.

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