By Steven E. Harris
This interesting and deeply researched ebook examines how, starting lower than Khrushchev in 1953, a new release of Soviet electorate moved from the overcrowded communal dwellings of the Stalin period to fashionable single-family flats, later dubbed khrushchevka. Arguing that relocating to a separate residence allowed traditional city dwellers to event Khrushchev’s thaw, Steven E. Harris essentially shifts interpretation of the thaw, conventionally understood as an elite phenomenon.
Harris makes a speciality of the various individuals wanting to reap the benefits of and effect the hot lifestyle embodied via the khrushchevka, its furnishings, and its linked patron items. He examines actions of nationwide and native politicians, planners, company managers, employees, furnishings designers and designers, elite firms (centrally thinking about developing cooperative housing), and traditional city dwellers. Communism on the next day to come highway additionally demonstrates the connection of Soviet mass housing and concrete making plans to foreign efforts at resolving the «housing query» that have been studied because the 19th century and resulted in housing advancements in Western Europe, the U.S., and Latin the US in addition to the USSR.
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Additional info for Communism on Tomorrow Street: Mass Housing and Everyday Life after Stalin
They acted on what their own ideology told them: that they alone could accomplish the goal of definitively resolving the housing question, which would serve as a major pillar of the new social order. Rather than being "weak," Bolshevik ideology on housing would be better described as revolutionary, infinitely expansive, and ultimately tied to the broader project of creating a new society. The Second Program of the Communist Party, issued in March 1919, reflected how the Bolsheviks' approach to housing had evolved through war and revolu- 46 The Soviet Path to Minimum Living Space The Soviet Path to Minimum Living Space tion since their first party program.
Council housing—one of the pillars of England's twentieth-century welfare state—saw its first serious expansion after World War I, when the government massively expanded funding for local governments to build housing and financial incentives for private builders to construct dwellings for low-income residents. ° In Amsterdam, the City Council authorized its first housing construction project in 1914. ° Beyond housing construction, states presided over the creation of institutions and initiatives that brought together government bureaucracies, employers, labor organizations, and urban planning experts.
As the writer Denis de Rougemont succinctly put it in 1951, "Out of total war emerged the first totalitarian regime—Lenin's—which soon served as an inspiration to Mussolini and to Hitler. Their regimes gave us totalitarianism as a specific and clearly definable phenomenon, which is the establishment of the idea of a permanent state of war in the human mind and in international relations. "" The Bolsheviks' approach to housing is a revealing example of World War I's impact on the Soviet state's formation and intervention in social life.
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