By Anthony D. King

The research makes a speciality of the social and, extra in particular, the cultural methods governing colonial city improvement and develops a concept and method to do that. the writer demonstrates how the actual and spatial preparations characterizing city improvement are targeted items of a selected society, to be understood in basic terms when it comes to its values, behaviour and associations and the distribution of social and political strength inside of it. Nowhere is that this extra obvious than in 'colonial towns' of Asia and Africa the place the environmental assumptions of a dominant, industrializing Western strength have been brought to principally 'pre-industrial' societies. Anthony King attracts his fabric essentially from those components, and features a case learn of the improvement of colonial Delhi from the early 19th century to 1947. but, because the writer explains, the issues of ways cultural social and political components impact the character of environments and the way those in flip impact social approaches and behavior, are of world significance.

This booklet used to be first released in 1976.

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Additional info for Colonial Urban Development: Culture, Social Power and Environment

Sample text

The first was the area of indigenous settlement, sometimes pre-dating the colonial era and occasionally manifesting the sociospatial structure of Sjoberg's ‘pre-industrial city’. Alternatively, it may have been a small town or village which grew as a result of its proximity to the incoming colonial power. The second element is what is variously described as the ‘modern’ ‘western’ or ‘European’ sector but which this study terms the ‘colonial urban settlement’. This may, or may not, include -as it often does in India - a cantonment, or military station.

Their inhabitants keep order, administer justice, control aspects of the economy but not, as is the case in the industrial city, generate production. It is this kind of phenomenon which Castells (1972), has in mind in his concept of ‘dependent urbanisation’: urbanisation takes place in the colonial society but the industrialisation, which historically has generated urbanisation in modern, politically autonomous societies, takes place in the metropolitan society. Significantly, the colonial urban settlement in the Indian colonial city consisted of the ‘cantonment’ and the ‘civil station’.

47). For the colonial community they acted as instruments of control, both of those outside as well as those within their boundaries. They helped the group to maintain its own self-identity, essential in the performance of its role within the colonial social and political system. They provided a culturally familiar and easily recognisable environment which - like dressing for dinner - was a formal, visible symbol providing psychological and emotional security in a world of uncertain events. Segregation of the indigenous population provided ease of control in the supervision of ‘native affairs’.

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