By Charles A. Frazee

This e-book surveys the kinfolk among Catholics inside and outside the Ottoman Empire from 1453 to 1923. After the autumn of Constantinople the one huge Latin Catholic workforce to be integrated into the sultan's area have been the Genoese who lived in Galata, around the Golden Horn from the Byzantine capital. Over the following few many years Turkish armies driven into the Balkans, overrunning the Catholic inhabitants of Albania, Bosnia and Hungary. within the Orient, the 16th century observed the Maronites of Lebanon, the Latins of Palestine and many of the Greek islands, which as soon as held Latin Catholic groups, come less than Turkish rule. Papal reaction to the lack of those groups was once firstly a decision to the campaign, yet reaction from West ecu monarchs used to be disappointing. Their matters have been in the direction of domestic. French curiosity, even if, lay in an alliance with the Turks opposed to the Habsburgs. As an advantage, the Catholics of the Ottoman global acquired a protector on the Porte within the individual of the French ambassador. The booklet strains the next historical past of the Latin Catholics and every of the jap Catholic church buildings within the Ottoman Empire until eventually its dissolution in 1923.

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Extra resources for Catholics and Sultans: The Church and the Ottoman Empire 1453-1923

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For fifteen months the garrison held on until forced to capitulate due to exhaustion. Then 36 After the conquest of Constantinople Kruije fell and Venice was forced to recognize that further attempts to resist the Turks in Albania would be impossible. By a treaty of peace, signed in 1479, Venice turned over its Albanian territories to the sultan and ended the sixteen-year-old war. M E H M E T II AND THE CATHOLICS OF GREECE AND THE AEGEAN After the fall of Constantinople all the Christian rulers of the small states adjacent to Ottoman borders had hastened to Mehmet's court at Edirne to congratulate him on his victory and to accept vassalage.

On the way the Muslims stopped at Chios to make a demand that the Mahona, the Genoese ruling body of the island, pay 40,000 gold coins to a friendly Italian merchant who claimed the Chiotes owed him this debt. When the Mahona refused, Turkish soldiers plundered several areas of the island, and upon embarking let it be known they intended to return. On appearing before Rhodes, the Turks found the task of taking the island too great, so they returned to Chios, which had decided to pay its obligation rather than risk a fight.

On 3 July, the Turkish force came within sight of Belgrade and it was clear that battle would soon be joined. On Sunday 4 July, Capistrano celebrated Mass for the defenders, offered them general absolution, and taught them the chant' Jesus, Jesus, Jesus' to be used as a battle cry. The Franciscan's enthusiasm and Hunyadi's generalship gave the Christians victory; on 22 July Mehmet ordered a withdrawal. Throughout Europe the news spread that Belgrade was saved and that Christian arms had prevailed against the infidel.

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