By Knud Lambrecht
Why do languages have such a lot of other ways of expressing an analogous proposal? Lambrecht addresses this question via an research of the "information constitution" of sentences. His research relies at the statement that the constitution of a sentence displays a speaker's assumptions in regards to the hearer's nation of information and attention on the time of the utterance. 4 self sufficient yet interrelated different types are analyzed: presupposition and statement, identifiability and activation, subject, and concentration.
By Timothy C. Potts
This e-book develops a manner of representing the meanings of linguistic expressions autonomous of any specific language, permitting them to be manipulated in keeping with principles concerning their meanings that may be carried out on a working laptop or computer. starting with a survey of the contributions of linguistics, good judgment, and machine technological know-how to the illustration challenge, it offers a approach of graphs prepared via scope family members within which linguistic parts are sub-graphs whose configuration depends on their different types.
By Benjamin Lee Whorf
The pioneering linguist Benjamin Whorf (1897--1941) grasped the dating among human language and human considering: how language can form our innermost recommendations. His easy thesis is that our conception of the realm and our methods of wondering it are deeply inspired by means of the constitution of the languages we communicate. The writings amassed during this quantity contain very important papers at the Maya, Hopi, and Shawnee languages in addition to extra basic reflections on language and meaning.
By Martine Vanhove
This booklet is the results of a joint venture on lexical and semantic typology which accrued jointly box linguists, semanticists, cognitivists, typologists, and an NLP professional. those cross-linguistic experiences quandary semantic shifts at huge, either synchronic and diachronic: the result of polysemy, heterosemy, or semantic switch on the lexical point. the 1st half offers a complete cutting-edge of a website typologists have lengthy been reluctant to accommodate. half specializes in theoretical and methodological techniques: cognition, building grammar, graph conception, semantic maps, and knowledge bases. those stories care for universals and version throughout languages, illustrated with quite a few examples from various semantic domain names and varied languages. half 3 is devoted to special empirical stories of a big pattern of languages in a constrained set of semantic fields. It finds attainable universals of semantic organization, in addition to areal and cultural developments.
By Anna Szabolcsi
Quantification kinds an important point of cross-linguistic learn into either sentence constitution and that means. This ebook surveys learn in quantification beginning with the foundational paintings within the Seventies. It paints a vibrant photograph of generalized quantifiers and Boolean semantics. It explains how the invention of various scope behaviour within the Nineteen Nineties reworked the view of quantification, and the way the research of the inner composition of quantifiers has turn into significant lately. It provides diverse techniques to a similar difficulties, and hyperlinks sleek common sense and formal semantics to advances in generative syntax. a special function of the e-book is that it systematically brings cross-linguistic information to endure at the theoretical concerns, overlaying French, German, Dutch, Hungarian, Russian, jap, Telugu (Dravidian), and Shupamem (Grassfield Bantu) and issues to formal semantic literature related to quantification in round thirty languages.
By Nikolaus P. Himmelmann, Eva F. Schultze-Berndt
This is often the 1st publication to technique depictive secondary predication - a scorching subject in syntax and semantics examine - from a crosslinguistic standpoint. It maps out the entire correct phenomena and brings jointly severe surveys and new contributions on their morphosyntactic and semantic properties.
By Maria Jose Frapolli
The e-book deals a characterization of the which means and position of the concept of fact in normal languages and a proof of why, regardless of the massive volume of proposals approximately fact, this activity has proved to be proof against the several analyses. the overall thesis of the publication is that defining fact is completely attainable and that the typical expert thinker of language has the instruments to do it. The e-book bargains an up-to-date remedy of the that means of fact ascriptions from making an allowance for the most recent perspectives in philosophy of language and linguistics.
By Daniel Fox
In economic climate and Semantic Interpretation, Danny Fox investigates the relevance of rules of optimization (economy) to the interface among syntax and semantics. aiding the view that grammar is specific via financial system issues, Fox argues for varied economic climate stipulations that constrain the program of "covert" operations. between different issues, he argues that syntactic operations that don't impact phonology can't observe until they impact the semantic interpretation of a sentence. This place has a few results for the structure of grammar. for instance, it means that the modularity assumption, in accordance with which a language's syntax needs to be characterised independently of its semantics, should be revised. one other final result matters new solutions to the query of precisely the place within the syntactic derivation many of the constraints on interpretation apply.Linguistic Inquiry Monograph No. 35Copublished with the MIT operating Papers in Linguistics sequence.
By Yun Xia
Normalization in Translation: Corpus-Based Diachronic learn into Twentieth-Century English-Chinese Fictional Translation offers a entire description of translation norms in various old contexts in twentieth-century China. Drawing on a corpus technique, this e-book adopts a socio-historical method of translation reviews from a diachronic viewpoint, evaluating translated and non-translated fictional texts from historic classes to systematically discover the adaptation of normalization throughout time, and to focus on the social importance of translation actions through contextualizing the study results.The ebook comprises distinct discussions of diachronic corpus development, linguistic manifestations of normalization, alterations in translation norms, and socio-cultural constraints for those adjustments. It expands the scope of prior reviews and exhibits how translation reports can enjoy the use of a corpus technique via delivering a proof, now not easily an outline, of the way alterations in translation habit have occur. This e-book may be of curiosity to scholars on classes in translation and intercultural experiences, in addition to researchers attracted to the parts of translation reports, corpus linguistics and contrastive reviews of English and chinese language.
By Mikhail Kissine
As a rule our utterances are immediately interpreted as speech acts: as assertions, conjectures and stories; as orders, requests and pleas; as threats, bargains and supplies. strangely, the cognitive correlates of this crucial element of human communique have obtained little realization. This publication fills the space by means of delivering a version of the mental methods eager about studying and knowing speech acts. the speculation is framed in naturalistic phrases and is supported by means of info on language improvement and on autism spectrum problems. Mikhail Kissine doesn't presuppose any particular history and addresses an important pragmatic phenomenon from an interdisciplinary viewpoint. this can be a worthwhile source for educational researchers and graduate and undergraduate scholars in pragmatics, semantics, cognitive linguistics, psycholinguistics and philosophy of language.
Advance compliment: "Mikhail Kissine offers a such a lot finished and compelling case for the examine of literal and nonliteral speech acts inside a carefully naturalistic technique. His facts and arguments, which problem theoretical confusions and usual assumptions, make up an incredible step forward. From Utterances to Speech Acts is a fascinating learn, novel and eye-opening - a lucid, evidence-based version of the examine of direct and oblique language use between as a rule and atypically constructing individuals." --Professor Rachel Giora, Tel Aviv University
"Kissine deals a brand new idea of speech acts that's philosophically refined and builds on paintings in cognitive technology, formal semantics, and linguistic typology. This hugely readable, really good essay is an immense contribution to the field." --François Recanati, Institut Jean-Nicod
"Kissine's From Utterances to Speech Acts is an unique, educated and compelling new contribution to the literature at the nature of speech acts. Kissine offers sturdy purposes to place apart largely approved Gricean bills when it comes to complicated intentions, partially in keeping with updated empirical information. He offers another account, on which speech acts constitutively show purposes (to think or to act), and develops designated illustrative bills of constative, directive and commisive speech acts - paradigmatically together with, respectively, assertions, orders and provides. Kissine convincingly argues that his account is suitable with the empirical effects that end up complex for Gricean perspectives, and typically with a naturalistic stance. The ebook comprises many unique conceptual proposals - between them, a brand new tackle Austin's contrast among the locutionary, illocutionary, and perlocutionary acts, and an offer to interchange classifications of illocutionary forces by way of "direction of fit" by way of a contrast among methods of providing a locutionary content material, a possible one - uncommitted to the reality or falsity of the content material, utilizing to orders between speech acts and imaginings or wants between psychological acts -, and a non-potential one, utilising to ideals, assertions, intentions and delivers. some of the book's proposals need to be taken up and tested extra even more intensive by means of researchers. i feel the ebook will therefore deeply effect the process drawing close examine on its topics." --Manuel García-Carpintero, trademarks, college of Barcelona