By Franz L. Neumann

Franz Neumann's vintage account of the governmental workings of Nazi Germany, first released in 1942, is reprinted in a brand new paperback version with an creation by way of the celebrated historian Peter Hayes. Neumann was once one of many basically early Frankfurt institution thinkers to ascertain heavily the matter of political associations. After the increase of the Nazis to strength, his emphasis shifted to an research of monetary energy, after which after the struggle to political psychology. yet his contributions in Behemoth have been groundbreaking: that the Nazi association of society concerned the cave in of conventional principles of the country, of ideology, of legislations, or even of any underlying rationality. The ebook has to be studied, now not easily learn, Raul Hilberg wrote. the main skilled researchers will let us know that the scarcest commodity in educational lifestyles is an unique suggestion. If an individual has or 3, he's wealthy. Franz Neumann used to be a wealthy guy. released in organization with the us Holocaust Memorial Museum.

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Extra info for Behemoth: The Structure and Practice of National Socialism, 1933-1944

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For one thing, the popular election gave him a position of some independence from the various parties. He could appoint the chancellor and ministers at his discretion; he was not bound by any constitutional custom, such as the English tradition of calling upon the leader of the victorious party. Presidents Ebert and von Hindenburg both insisted on making their selections freely and independ­ ently. The president’s right to dissolve parliament gave him further political power. The provision that he could not do so twice for the same reason was easily evaded.

Our aim on 10 November was to introduce as soon as possi­ ble an orderly government supported by the army and the National Assembly. I advised the Field Marshal not to fight the revolution . . I proposed to him that the supreme army command make an alliance with the Social Democratic party solely to restore an orderly government with the help of the supreme army com­ mand. ’ 11 Al­ though it was consummated without the knowledge of Ebert’s party or even of his closest collaborators, this understanding was in full accord with the Social Democratic party’s policy.

A t one time it sought to be a small sect of professional revolutionists pat­ terned after the Bolshevik p a rty o f 1917; and at o th e r times a ‘revolutionary mass organization,’ a kind o f synthesis betw een the early Russian model and a structu re such as the Social D em ocratic party. Its real significance lay in the fact th at it did exert a very considerable indirect influence. A close stu d y o f th e C om m unist p arty w ould probably reveal m ore ab o u t the characteristics o f the G erm an w orking class and o f certain sections o f th e intelligentsia than w ould a study o f the larger Socialist p a rty and trade unions.

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