By Krista Lawlor
Claiming to understand is greater than creating a record approximately one's epistemic place: one additionally deals one's coverage to others. what's an insurance? during this ebook, Krista Lawlor unites J. L. Austin's insights in regards to the pragmatics of assurance-giving and the semantics of information claims right into a systematic complete. The vital subject within the Austinian view is that of reasonableness: attract a 'reasonable individual' regular makes the perform of assurance-giving attainable, and shall we our wisdom claims be actual regardless of ameliorations in sensible pursuits and confrontation between audio system and hearers. Lawlor presents an unique account of the way the Austinian view addresses a couple of problems for contextualist semantic theories, resolves closure-based skeptical paradoxes, and is helping us to tread the road among acknowledging our fallibility and skepticism.
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Extra resources for Assurance: An Austinian view of Knowledge and Knowledge Claims
That is a good question. The point here is simply that the Cartesian society seems conceptually possible, and that in turn suggests that the very meaning of ‘knows’ does not require being obligated to provide exclusionary reasons to addressees. On the other side of this position, however, note that Austin himself remarks: When I have said only that I am sure, and prove to have been mistaken, I am not liable to be rounded on by others in the same way as when I have said ‘I know’. 44 THE SPEECH ACT OF ASSURANCE I am sure for my part, you can take it or leave it: accept it if you think I’m an acute and careful person, that’s your responsibility.
Second, Austin is not committed to the view that one’s claim to know that p can be true despite one’s not believing that p. That is, Austin is not committed to rejecting a belief condition on knowledge. Keith Lehrer has charged that Austin must hold this view: ‘ . . the reasoning is that if we accept [the belief condition on knowledge] then we must admit that when a man says “I know”, he is describing this state as being one of belief. ’34 First, we should remember that Austin is not committed to the view that utterances of the form ‘I know’ are performative and so not true or false.
In uttering U, S places himself under an obligation to provide exclusionary reasons for H to believe p 5. in uttering U, S intended that H realize that conditions (1) through (4) are satisﬁed. ’ Rather, 4 is a ‘conventional effect’ of S’s uttering U with assuritive force. ’ This point carries an interesting moral, which we’ll discuss shortly. Where does this leave us? Using Alston’s framework, we ﬁnd a place for the morals we drew above: Assurance shares something with both assertion and promising, but differs from both; it is distinctive enough to be worth thinking of as forming its own class of illocutionary act type (‘assuritives’).
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