By Philip Jowett, Stephen Walsh

This can be a finished advisor to the armies that fought a devastating and decisive clash within the jap Mediterranean among the 2 global Wars of the 20 th century. From the preliminary Greek invasion, designed to "liberate" the 100,000 ethnic Greeks that lived in Western Turkey and had performed for hundreds of years, to Mustapha Kemal Ataturk's enormously effective formation of a countrywide govt and a typical military, this was once a conflict that formed the geopolitical panorama of the Mediterranean to today. It gave start to the fashionable Turkish kingdom, displacing hundreds of thousands and growing sour stories of atrocities dedicated via each side. Augmented with very infrequent pictures and lovely illustrations, this ground-breaking name explores the heritage, association, and visual appeal of the armies, either guerilla and traditional, that fought during this bloody battle.

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Additional resources for Armies of the Greek-Turkish War 1919-22

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XIII and Nieuport 24 fighters and Breguet 14A2 reconnaissance bombers. 1 fighters. The Greeks are reported to have assigned 55 aircraft of all types to Asia Minor, in one Navy and four Army squadrons. The Turkish Nationalists began the war with a handful of ex-Ottoman Air Force machines, which had often been repaired by cannibalizing other aircraft. III fighters cobbled together out of four found in storage. IIIs were repaired in 1920, and one survived the war. 1 bought in Italy, and ten Breguet 14B2s bought from the French.

This private belongs to one of the units that have been issued with a uniform, though many of his comrades wore civilian clothing. His headgear is a Russian-style peaked cap with an Armenian cockade (red, blue, orange centre), and he wears a Russian-style gymnastiorka field shirt, but with trousers and web gear from Canadian Army surplus stocks. Rifles came from a variety of sources; the Mosin-Nagant M1891 was the most commonly seen, but this Canadian Ross Mk III was also used. H4: Turkish irregular, Eastern Thrace, 1922 While the main fighting went on in Asia Minor a ‘sideshow’ conflict took place in Thrace between the Greek occupying army and local Turkish guerrillas.

The only other field signs worn by the Greeks were icon-style pictures of King Constantine issued to pro-monarchist units, which were worn tucked into hat bands. The man at top right, presumably their commander, wears a kalpak and a tunic with triangular collar patches. The others wear Arab kufiya headdresses as was normal in the southern provinces (note that some of these are obscured by inked lettering on this photographic print). Clothing varies from a patterned traditional shirt to suits with collared shirts and ties.

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