By Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler

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Additional resources for Annual Review of Psychology vol 60, 2009

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Scope of the Review . . . . . . . . CATEGORY-SPECIFIC SEMANTIC DEFICITS: INTRODUCTION TO THE PHENOMENON. . . . OVERVIEW OF THEORETICAL EXPLANATIONS OF THE CAUSES OF CATEGORYSPECIFIC SEMANTIC DEFICITS . . . . . . . . . . . . THE NEURAL STRUCTURE PRINCIPLE . . . . . . . . . . . The Multiple Semantics Assumption . . . . . . . . . . . Second Generation Sensory/Functional Theories . . The Domain-Specific Hypothesis . . The Distributed Domain-Specific Hypothesis .

As would be expected within the framework of the domain-specific hypothesis, Adam was impaired for both visual and nonvisual knowledge of living things (Farah & Rabinowitz 2003). The Distributed Domain-Specific Hypothesis The original formulation of the domainspecific hypothesis (Caramazza & Shelton 1998) anticipated the possibility of other dimensions of organization beyond object domain. It was proposed that correlational structure plays an important role in determining the organization of knowledge within domains.

However, Laiacona and colleagues (2003) reported a patient who was impaired for living things but spared for sensory-quality categories (for further discussion, see Carroll & Garrard 2005). Another dimension that has been argued to be instrumental in accounting for categoryspecific semantic deficits is differential similarity in the visual structure of items from different categories. Humphreys & Forde (2001; see also Tranel et al. 1997) argued that living things tend to be more structurally similar than nonliving things.

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