By A. Carl LeVan
Africa is altering and you possibly can disregard how decentralization, democratization, and new kinds of illiberalism have remodeled federalism, political events, and native politics. Chapters on Kenya, Nigeria, Ethiopia, and South Africa aid fill a massive hole in comparative institutional learn approximately country and native politics in Africa.
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Extra resources for African State Governance: Subnational Politics and National Power
Boston: Little, Brown. Ross, M. 2001. ,’ World Politics 53(3): 325–361. Salih, M. 2006. African Parliaments: Between Governance and Government. Cape Town, South Africa: HSRC Press. Shaxson, N. 2007. Poisoned Wells: the Dirty Politics of African Oil. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. , Draman, R. and Imlach, A. ) 2011. African Parliamentary Reform. New York: Routledge. Stepan, A. 1999. S. Model,’ Journal of Democracy 10(4): 19. Suberu, R. 2001. Federalism and Ethnic Conﬂict in Nigeria. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press.
The chapter begins with an examination of the potential roles of decentralized institutions and ﬁscal federal constitutions in neo-patrimonial, natural resource-dependent, African settings. It then assesses six aspects of the design and performance of Nigeria’s ﬁscal decentralization (vertical ﬁscal inter-governmental relations, horizontal ﬁscal relations, conﬂict resolution institutions, resource management rules, democratic political processes, and ﬁscal or constitutional reform agendas) before reviewing these same issues in the Ghanaian and Kenyan contexts.
The other literature, referenced by Suberu in his chapter, points out that where politicians have the ability to raise revenue without raising taxes, this relationship between citizens and rulers breaks down (Beblawi 1990; Ross 2001). Not only does Africa have plentiful natural resources that generate revenue for democrats and autocrats alike, the slave trade and colonialism devastated the endogenous development of ties between rulers and the ruled. Oil and mineral rents have been especially harmful to democratic development in Africa (Jensen and Wantchekon 2004; Shaxson 2007).
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