By Ronald Grigor Suny, Fatma Müge Göçek, Norman M. Naimark

100 years after the deportations and mass homicide of Armenians, Greeks, Assyrians, and different peoples within the ultimate years of the Ottoman Empire, the heritage of the Armenian genocide is a sufferer of ancient distortion, state-sponsored falsification, and deep divisions among Armenians and Turks. operating jointly for the 1st time, Turkish, Armenian, and different students current right here a compelling reconstruction of what occurred and why.

This quantity gathers the main updated scholarship on Armenian genocide, how the development has been written approximately in Western and Turkish historiographies; what used to be taking place at the eve of the disaster; pics of the perpetrators; targeted money owed of the massacres; how the development has been perceived in either neighborhood and overseas contexts, together with global warfare I; and reflections at the broader implications of what occurred then. the result's a finished paintings that strikes past nationalist grasp narratives and gives a extra whole knowing of this tragic occasion

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Additional resources for A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire

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In the second place, they are determined to domineer over us and to establish a separate state. In the third place, they have openly encouraged our enemies. They have assisted the Russians in the Caucasus 20 Historiographies of the Genocide and our failure there is largely explained by their actions.  . we have already disposed of three quarters of the Armenians; there are none at all left in Bitlis, Van, and Erzeroum. The hatred between the Turks and the Armenians is now so intense that we have got to finish with them.

The line between the two is a thin one, but ethnic cleansing—the coercive removal of an ethnically defined group of people from a given territory—need not involve mass killing, though death from deportation, forced marches, and deprivation usually accompanies it. 8 Unlike a pogrom or urban riot, instigated and carried out by one social, ethnic, or religious group against another, genocide does not simply flare up and die down in relatively short time but is sustained over both time and territory.

Muslims as well as non-Muslims lived without the predictability of enforced laws. Their property and person were subject to the arbitrary and unchecked power of state officials and local lords, but non-Muslims bore the additional indignities of being infidels. ”57 The inferiority of the gâvur, unlike that of slaves and women, was voluntary; they chose not to believe in Islam. Unbelievers were to “stay in their place” and not appear to be equal or better than the Muslims. ”58 Beginning in the eighteenth century, the decline of Muslim power outside the empire and the myriad effects of commerce and social mobility permitted enterprising Armenians and other nonMuslims to improve their economic and social standing, thus radically reversing the traditional and religiously sanctioned status hierarchy in the empire with Muslims on top and gâvur below.

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