By David W. Cameron

A close account of what occurred to the Australian, New Zealand and Turkish troops at the shorelines and hills of the Gallipoli peninsula on that fateful day - the day the ANZAC legend used to be born. at the twenty fifth of April 1915 Australian troops landed at the Gallipoli Peninsula in what's now known as Anzac Cove. They rushed from the seashore as much as Plugge's Plateau into Australian army historical past agony many casualties at the approach. simply after noon troops from New Zealand landed at Gallipoli and jointly the Australians and New Zealanders created the Anzac legend. It used to be the occasions of this primary day that set the process the full conflict resulting in the evacuation of the Anzac troops in December 1915. this can be the tale of that day telling the Australian, New Zealand and Turkish facet of what was once to develop into a tragedy for all 3 international locations and an final triumph for Turkey. It concludes with the stopover at of Charles Bean, the reliable Australian conflict correspondent, to the peninsula in 1919 as a part of the Australian ancient venture to organise the burial of the useless that had lain uncovered to the weather for the final 4 years, and to the formation of the cemeteries which are at the present time visited through hundreds of thousands.

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This would effectively cut Turkish communications. The coastline just to the north of Gaba Tepe was considered to be an unlikely invasion place by the Turkish commanders due to the difficult terrain and thus was only lightly defended. 24 The 3rd Brigade of the 1st Australian Division was to be the first Allied force to land on the peninsula. This brigade consisted of the 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th battalions. The plan was for the 9th Battalion to secure the southern flank, including Gaba Tepe itself as well as the main southern spur running off Third Ridge, later to be known as Anderson Knoll.

7 This interpretation was later confirmed by official Turkish records. With the decision largely made for them, the British and French now turned their full attention to the forcing of the Dardanelles as the primary campaign to knock Turkey out of the war. The main opponents of the plan to break through the Dardanelles using the navy alone were the British admirals who would have the task of planning and executing the operation. The narrow straits of the Dardanelles were thought to be heavily defended with around 200 guns, any number of shore-based fixed torpedo tubes, submarine nets and hundreds of mines.

The plan was for the 9th Battalion to secure the southern flank, including Gaba Tepe itself as well as the main southern spur running off Third Ridge, later to be known as Anderson Knoll. The 10th Battalion was to capture the bulk of Third Ridge, the 11th Battalion was to capture Scrubby Knoll (the northern part of Third Ridge), as well as Battleship Hill, while the 12th Battalion would occupy 400 Plateau as the brigade reserve. Meanwhile, the 2nd Brigade would land just to the north, with three of its four battalions landing in the vicinity of Hell Spit and the remaining battalion landing in what would become known as Anzac Cove.

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